Relationship Between Social Network, Social Support and Health Behaviour in People With Type 1 and Type 2 Diabetes

Cross-Sectional Studies

Nana F. Hempler; Lene E. Joensen; Ingrid Willaing


BMC Public Health. 2016;16(198) 

In This Article


Effective development of interventions incorporating behavioural and social aspects of living with diabetes requires a broad perspective, including an understanding of associations between social relations and diabetes type and on the influence of social relations on health behaviour for people with type 1 and type 2 diabetes. Our findings suggest that people with type 2 diabetes have less contact with the social network, less certainty about support in case of severe illness and fewer healthy behaviours than people with type 1 diabetes. Furthermore, for women, having a good social network and receiving social support appear to be associated with being more physical active. In clinical practice, paying attention to differences between people with type 1 and type 2 diabetes with regard to social relations and health behaviours may be important when planning patient care and support. More research is needed, particularly on how to support people with type 1 and type 2 diabetes, few social network resources and low education level in relation to disease management.