Precision Medicine and the Changing Landscape of Research Ethics

Marilyn J. Hammer, PhD, DC, RN


Oncol Nurs Forum. 2016;43(2):149-150. 

In This Article


President Barack Obama announced the launch of the National Institutes of Health Precision Medicine Initiative® (PMI) in January 2015 (, 2015). Precision medicine includes the concept of individualized or personalized medicine at a more exact level through advances in science and technology, such as genetics and genomics sequencing (Ashley, 2015; Fiore & Goodman, 2015). Although many disease processes will be investigated through the precision medicine lens for greater understanding and improved treatment responses, oncology research and translation to practice is leading the initiative's debut, referred to as the near-term focus (Collins & Varmus, 2015; Fiore & Goodman, 2015).