Assessing the Impact of Telemedicine on Nursing Care in Intensive Care Units

Ruth Kleinpell, RN, PhD, APRN-BC, CCRN; Connie Barden, RN, MSN, CCRN-E, CCNS; Teresa Rincon, RN, BSN, CCRN-E; Mary McCarthy, RN, BSN; Rebecca J. Zapatochny Rufo, RN, DNSc, CCRN


Am J Crit Care. 2016;25(1):E14-E20. 

In This Article


Our study had several limitations, including the lack of information on a total sample size because no single source of identifying nurses working in tele-ICU is available. Although according to estimates, 800 to 1000 tele-ICU nurses were working at the time of the survey, estimates also suggest that potentially more than 16 000 nurses interface with the tele-ICU nurses. A study response rate could not be assessed because the true number of potential respondents was not known. A second limitation was the geographic representation available for the study; only those nurses working or interfacing with a tele-ICU were eligible to participate in the study.