Physical Activity Guidelines and Cardiovascular Risk in Children

A Cross Sectional Analysis to Determine Whether 60 Minutes Is Enough

L. M. Füssenich; L. M. Boddy; D. J. Green; L. E. F. Graves; L. Foweather; R. M. Dagger; N. McWhannell; J. Henaghan; N. D. Ridgers; G. Stratton; N. D. Hopkins


BMC Public Health. 2016;16(67) 

In This Article


In our study of asymptomatic 9–11 year old children, there were no differences between CCVR of children who undertook 60 min MVPA per day in accordance with WHO recommendations, and those who did not. This implies that current recommendations may be an underestimation of the PA necessary to reduce clustered CVD risk. A gender difference between the CVD risk in active and inactive children, raises the possibility that gender specific guidelines may be needed, although much work is needed to determine if these differences are a result of gender specific responses to PA or sex differences in PA level. Finally, VPA appears to provide CCVR benefits beyond those afforded by MPA, with data suggesting that 17 min VPA/day may provide clinically meaningful CVD risk reductions. Taken together these findings suggest that in order to reduce CVD risk, the current guidelines should be updated to increase the amount of MVPA recommended, and to prescribe a daily amount of VPA.