Does Liposuction Improve Body Image and Symptoms of Eating Disorders?

Kai M. M. Saariniemi, PhD, MD; Asko M. Salmi, PhD, MD; Hilkka H. Peltoniemi, PhD, MD; Pia Charpentier, LP; Hannu O. M. Kuokkanen, MD


Plast Reconstr Surg Glob Open. 2015;3(7):E461 

In This Article


The mean age at baseline was 44 years (SD, 10.0). Mean height and weight were 166 cm (SD, 5.7) and 72 kg (SD, 10.1), respectively. The mean body mass index was 26.0 (SD, 3.2). Twelve (20%) women reported having comorbidities (6 with hypertension, 3 with asthma, 2 with depression, and 1 with diabetes). Five (8%) women were smokers.

Mean liposuction volume was 2486 mL (SD 1535). All patients were discharged on the day of the operation. One (2%) woman had a postoperative hematoma that resolved with conservative measures. All women had at least 1 postoperative visit with a mean follow-up time of 7 months (SD, 5.8). Thirty-six (59%) women completed all 3 outcome measures both at baseline and at follow-up. Women who did not fill out the questionnaires did not differ in their baseline characteristics when compared with those who did (Table 1).

At follow-up, body satisfaction was improved, and the overall risk for an eating disorder was reduced significantly (Table 2). Of those women who returned all questionnaires, a significant proportion had preoperatively abnormal drive for thinness (19 women, 53%) and dissatisfaction with their bodies (20 women, 56%). At follow-up, significantly fewer (7 women, 19%) were dissatisfied with their body (P < 0.001, McNemar test).