The US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has approved the opioid oxycodone (OxyContin, Purdue Pharma LP) for pediatric patients aged 11 to 16 years with pain severe enough to require daily, around-the-clock, long-term opioid treatment and for which alternative treatment options are inadequate.
"We requested the manufacturer of the pain management drug OxyContin perform studies evaluating safety and other important information about oxycodone and OxyContin when used in pediatric patients. These studies supported a new pediatric indication for OxyContin in patients 11 to 16 years old, and provided prescribers with helpful information about the use of OxyContin in pediatric patients," Sharon Hertz, MD, director, Division of Anesthesia, Analgesia, and Addiction Products, Office of New Drugs, at the Center for Drug Evaluation and Research (CDER), said in a "CDER conversation" posted on the FDA website.
"The new study data and resulting pediatric indication for OxyContin give doctors more specific information on how to safely manage pain in their pediatric patients following these types of surgery or traumas," she said.
Unlike adults, pediatric patients must already be responding to and tolerating a minimum opioid dose equal to at least 20 mg of oxycodone per day for 5 consecutive days before they can be prescribed an equivalent dose of OxyContin, Dr Hertz said.
"This way, the doctor knows that their patient tolerates and responds appropriately to opioids and knows the amount of opioid treatment needed to manage the patient's pain. When appropriate, the doctor can then convert their patient over to an OxyContin dose that is tailored to their individual needs," she noted.
"OxyContin is not intended to be the first opioid drug used in pediatric patients, but the data show that changing from another opioid drug to OxyContin is safe if done properly," Dr Hertz said.
The warnings and precautions for pediatric patients taking this drug are the same as for adults. The full label can be found here.
The FDA will require Purdue Pharma to conduct postmarketing studies aimed at assessing the safe use of the product in children.
Cite this: FDA Okays OxyContin for Some Pediatric Patients - Medscape - Aug 13, 2015.