An Association Between Carpal Tunnel Syndrome and Migraine Headaches

National Health Interview Survey, 2010

Huay-Zong Law, MD; Bardia Amirlak, MD; Jonathan Cheng, MD; Douglas M. Sammer, MD

Disclosures

Plast Reconstr Surg Glob Open. 2015;3(3):E333 

In This Article

Results

Of the 27,157 respondents who completed the Sample Adult module of the survey, 1277 (4.7%) were excluded due to incomplete data or insufficient respondents within a race/ethnicity group. The final analysis was based on 25,880 respondents, of which 952 (3.7%) had carpal tunnel syndrome and 4212 (16.3%) had migraine headache as defined above. Table 1 displays the weighted distribution of those with carpal tunnel syndrome and those with migraine headache by demographic and health characteristics.

Table 2 demonstrates the weighted prevalence with 95% CI and aOR for having carpal tunnel syndrome or migraine headache by these demographic and health characteristics, with bold figures denoting statistical significance. In terms of demographics, the prevalence of carpal tunnel syndrome increased with age, peaking in the 49- to 64-year-old group. On the other hand, prevalence of migraine headache generally decreased with age. Female gender was associated with both carpal tunnel syndrome and migraine headache. Carpal tunnel syndrome was less prevalent among Hispanics and Asians compared to the reference group (non-Hispanic White), and migraine headache was less prevalent among Asians compared to the reference group (non-Hispanic White). In terms of health status and behavior variables, increased BMI was associated with both carpal tunnel syndrome and migraine headache, as was diabetes mellitus. Both current smoker status and former smoker status were associated with an increased odds of carpal tunnel syndrome, whereas only current smoker status was associated with an increased odds of migraine headache.

Table 3 demonstrates the weighted prevalence and aOR of having carpal tunnel syndrome or migraine headache in the presence or absence of the other condition. A significant positive correlation was found after adjusting for demographic and health/behavior variables. The prevalence of migraine headache was 34% in those with carpal tunnel syndrome compared with 16% in those without carpal tunnel syndrome (aOR, 2.60). The prevalence of carpal tunnel syndrome in patients with migraine headache was 8% compared with 3% in those without migraine headache (aOR, 2.67).

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