Nutritional Therapy in Inflammatory Bowel Disease

Chen Sarbagili-Shabat; Rotem Sigall-Boneh; Arie Levine


Curr Opin Gastroenterol. 2015;31(4):303-308. 

In This Article


There is increasing evidence that dietary factors may play a role in the pathogenesis of IBD and especially Crohn's disease. Exposure to high fat, gluten, emulsifiers and maltodextrin may be associated with the mechanisms of disease identified in Crohn's disease or ulcerative colitis. Emerging evidence in pilot studies in Crohn's disease has now shown for the first time that specific exclusion diets may effectively treat and induce remission in children and young adults with Crohn's disease; however, the level of evidence is still low. Ulcerative colitis appears to be associated with decreased ability to generate short-chain fatty acids. Data regarding the effect of diet for the induction of remission and maintenance of remission in ulcerative colitis remain scarce, and cannot be recommended at this time.