The Use of Caffeinated Substances by Surgeons for Cognitive Enhancement

Andreas G. Franke, MD, PhD, MA; Christiana Bagusat, Dipl-Soz; Carolyn McFarlane; Teresina Tassone-Steiger; Werner Kneist, MD; Klaus Lieb, MD


Annals of Surgery. 2015;261(6):1091-1095. 

In This Article


Surgeons often use caffeinated substances to cope with unfavourable working conditions. They try to cope with fatigue, long working hours as well as working the night shift. Furthermore, coffee use was more prevalent than the use of caffeinated drinks and caffeine tablets. Further studies should focus the subject of CE among surgeons in the scope of surgeons' health and the health of their patients.