Review Article

Spontaneous Bacterial Peritonitis – Bacteriology, Diagnosis, Treatment, Risk Factors and Prevention

J. B. Dever; M. Y. Sheikh

Disclosures

Aliment Pharmacol Ther. 2015;41(11):1116-1131. 

In This Article

Liver Transplantation

Spontaneous bacterial peritonitis is not a contraindication for liver transplantation, rather it should be considered after a first episode of SBP or sooner unless predisposing factors make patients unsuitable candidates.[100] A 5-day course of antibiotics is adequate to effectively treat patients with SBP who undergo liver transplantation in the acute period.[101] Post-treatment paracentesis is prudent to ensure pathogen eradication. Furthermore, patients with or without a history of SBP have similar 4-year outcomes after liver transplantation including morbidity and mortality.[102]

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