Review Article

Spontaneous Bacterial Peritonitis – Bacteriology, Diagnosis, Treatment, Risk Factors and Prevention

J. B. Dever; M. Y. Sheikh


Aliment Pharmacol Ther. 2015;41(11):1116-1131. 

In This Article


Mortality from SBP has remained unchanged in recent times[39] and after reviewing records of 350 patients with SBP admitted to Maryland Hospitals during a 10-year period, SBP was found to be the second leading cause of bacterial-related death in hospitalised patients with a mortality rate of 33%.[96] Survivors of SBP have a poor prognosis as well. After an initial diagnosis of SBP, 1-month, 6-month and 1-year mortality rates are 33%, 50% and 58% respectively.[97]

Renal injury develops in 30–40% of patients with SBP and is the best biochemical predictor for mortality.[98,99] Child–Pugh and MELD scores have also been found to be reliable measures for outcome in these patients.[39,99]