Clara Barton (1821-1912) was born in Massachusetts and educated locally, often at home by her family. Caring for her invalid brother may have been an influential early experience leading to her eventual career in nursing. Barton, dubbed "The Angel of the Battlefield," began caring for Civil War soldiers at the battle of Bull Run in 1861 and remained active throughout the war. In 1881, she became the first president of the newly formed American Red Cross. Barton continued her humanitarian work with the Red Cross, providing national and international humanitarian aid until her resignation in 1904.[10,11,12]
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Cite this: Civil War Medicine Quiz: The People and Innovations That Changed Medicine - Medscape - May 21, 2015.