Moderate-to-Severe Traumatic Brain Injury in Children

Complications and Rehabilitation Strategies

Myra L. Popernack, MSN, RN, CPNP; Nicola Gray, BSN, RN; Karin Reuter-Rice, PhD, CPNP-AC, FCCM, FAAN


J Pediatr Health Care. 2015;29(3):e1-e7. 

In This Article


Despite concerted efforts to prevent pediatric TBI through public education on helmet use and playground, seat belt, and car seat safety, TBI remains a significant cause of morbidity and mortality. Tighter gun control laws and effective methods to prevent child abuse may also reduce the incidence of TBI. Health care providers can take an active role in expanding knowledge about evidence-based interventions to prevent secondary injury associated with pediatric TBI and to maximize neurocognitive recovery and functional independence. Health care providers must positively influence outcomes and help children and their families meet the challenges associated with surviving TBI. Health care providers are uniquely positioned to promote prevention, early intervention, appropriate use of severity and functionality scoring, and effective acute and rehabilitation therapies.