Implications for Urologic Nursing Practice
The literature review reveals that Lactobacillus probiotics, taken either orally or vaginally, are likely effective in reducing re current UTIs in women. Lactobacilli may be especially useful for women with a history of recurrent, complicated UTIs or prolonged antibiotic use. Although Lactobacilli are found slightly less effective to antibiotics in reducing recurrent UTIs (at least in the dose and frequency studied), probiotics do not cause antibiotic resistance and may offer other health benefits due to vaginal re-colonization with Lactobacilli. In addition, long-term health effects of continual antibiotic use are still lacking. However, as more comprehensive research is still needed, recommendations for probiotics as an alternative to antibiotics should be considered on a case-by-case basis.
Urol Nurs. 2015;35(1):18-21. © 2015 Society of Urologic Nurses and Associates