Probiotics in Preventing Recurrent Urinary Tract Infections in Women: A Literature Review

Annie H. Chisholm, RN


Urol Nurs. 2015;35(1):18-21. 

In This Article

Search Methods

A literature search was conducted to find research articles about the role of probiotics in preventing UTIs in women (see Figure 1). Four comprehensive online databases, PubMed, Scopus, CINAHL and AMED, were utilized in this search. An initial query of research in the past five years using the terms UTIs and probiotics resulted in 94 articles. Systematic reviews, meta-analyses, editorials, letters, animal studies, pediatric studies, non-English studies, non-peer-reviewed studies, and other review articles were eliminated, yielding 16 peer-reviewed research articles for title review. After four duplicates were removed, 12 articles were analyzed for abstract review. A total of three articles were utilized in the analysis of probiotics in preventing recurrent UTI infections in women. Articles were analyzed using the GRADE evidence rating scales for quality of evidence (Schünemann, Brozek, & Oxman, 2009).

Figure 1.

Strategic Search