Association of Breast Arterial Calcification With Stroke and Angiographically Proven Coronary Artery Disease

A Meta-analysis

Xuezhi Jiang, MD, FACOG, NCMP; Maureen Clark, BS; Rupali K. Singh, MD; Alex Juhn, BA; Peter F. Schnatz, DO, FACOG, FACP, NCMP


Menopause. 2015;22(2):136-143. 

In This Article


These results suggest that BAC is significantly associated with both CAD and stroke. Even though previous studies have been criticized for their sample sizes and study designs, a recent prospective study, along with this large data set and meta-analysis, adds to our knowledge. Although more prospective studies in the general population are warranted to clarify whether BAC is truly a predictor of the future development of CAD and stroke, the concept that BAC is a benign finding is waning.