Administration of Fibrinogen Concentrate for Refractory Bleeding in Massively Transfused, Non-trauma Patients With Coagulopathy

A Retrospective Study With Comparator Group

Santiago R Leal-Noval; Manuel Casado; Victoria Arellano-Orden; Reginald Dusseck; Javier Bautista-Paloma; Manuel Muñoz; José Naranjo-Izorieta; Antonio Puppo Moreno; Aurelio Cayuela

Disclosures

BMC Anesthesiol. 2014;14(109) 

In This Article

Abstract and Introduction

Abstract

Background This retrospective, single centre study was conducted to investigate the efficacy of fibrinogen concentrate (FBNc) in decreasing blood requirements and reaching optimal fibrinogen level, in non-trauma, massively transfused, bleeding patients with coagulopathy.

Methods Over a 3-years period, all patients for whom a massive transfusion protocol was activated and had received ≥4 units of allogeneic blood components within a ≤4 h period, were included. Patients were classified according to whether they received FBNc or achieved an optimal fibrinogen level of ≥2 g/L within 24 h after FBNc administration.

Results Seventy-one patients received 2 [2,4] g of FBNc (FBNc group) and 72 did not (comparator group). FBNc was administered after transfusing 5 [5,9] blood component units, 3 [2,6] hours after massive transfusion protocol activation. Linear regression analysis showed that SOFA (AOR 0.75 [95% CI:0.08–1.43]) and admission fibrinogen level (AOR -2.7 [95% CI:-4.68 – -0.78]), but not FBNc administration, were independently associated with total transfused units. There was a significant inverse relation between both admission and target fibrinogen levels, and total transfused components. Logistic regression showed a direct relationship between admission fibrinogen level and achieving a target level ≥2 g/L (AOR 3.29 [95% CI;1.95–5.56]). No thromboembolic events associated with FBNc were observed.

Conclusions In massively transfused, non-trauma patients with coagulopathy and refractory bleeding, late administration of low FBNc dosage was not associated with decreased blood transfusion or increased post-infusion fibrinogen level. Given that both fibrinogen upon admission and target fibrinogen levels were associated with decreased blood transfusion, earlier administration and higher doses of FBNc could be needed.

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