Female Genital Cutting: Confronting Cultural Challenges and Health Complications Across the Lifespan

Miranda A Farage; Kenneth W Miller; Ghebre E Tzeghai; Charles E Azuka; Jack D Sobel; William J Ledger


Women's Health. 2015;11(1):79-94. 

In This Article


FGC is a deeply rooted social norm among women from several countries in Africa, the Middle East and Asia. Growing numbers of immigrants from FGC-affected societies now reside in North America, the EU, Australia and New Zealand. To provide optimal care, healthcare providers in developed nations need training to better understand both the cultural context of this practice and its complications. The African Women's Center located at the Brigham and Women's Hospital in Boston is the first and only African health practice in the United States that focuses on issues related to FGC. Founded by Nawal Nour, a native of Sudan, its mission is to holistically improve the health of refugee and immigrant women affected by the tradition and is a resource for culturally sensitive information for patients and healthcare providers.[80] The WHO offers numerous resources, including a manual on prevention and management of female genital mutilation for nursing and midwifery students .[81]