Vital Signs: Alcohol Poisoning Deaths — United States, 2010–2012

Dafna Kanny, PhD; Robert D. Brewer, MD; Jessica B. Mesnick, MPH; Leonard J. Paulozzi, MD; Timothy S. Naimi, MD; Hua Lu, MS


Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report. 2015;63(53):1238-1242. 

In This Article


CDC analyzed multiple cause-of-death mortality files for 2010–2012 from the National Vital Statistics System[10] to assess average annual alcohol poisoning deaths among persons aged ≥15 years in the United States. Alcohol poisoning deaths were defined as those with International Classification of Diseases, 10th Revision (ICD-10) underlying (i.e., principal) cause of death codes X45 (accidental poisoning by and exposure to alcohol) and Y15 (poisoning by and exposure to alcohol, undetermined intent). Alcohol poisoning death rates per 1 million were calculated by sex, age group, and race/ethnicity for persons aged ≥15 years using the U.S. Census bridged-race population for 2010–2012 as the denominator, and were age-adjusted to the 2000 U.S. Census standard population. State death rates also were calculated and age-adjusted to the 2000 U.S. Census standard population.

Selected conditions that might have directly contributed to alcohol poisoning deaths, including alcohol dependence (F10.2), hypothermia (X31, T68, T69.9), drug poisoning (T36–T50), and drug use mental disorders (F11–F16, F18, F19), also were assessed among persons who died of alcohol poisoning.