Polio-Free Certification and Lessons Learned — South-East Asia Region, March 2014

Sunil Bahl, MD; Rakesh Kumar, MD; Nata Menabde, PhD; Arun Thapa, MBBS; Jeffrey McFarland, MD; Virginia Swezy, MPH; Rudolph H. Tangermann, MD; Hamid S. Jafari, MD; Linda Elsner; Steven G.F. Wassilak, MD; Olen M. Kew, PhD; Stephen L. Cochi, MD

Disclosures

Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report. 2014;63(42):941-946. 

In This Article

Abstract and Introduction

Introduction

In 1988, the World Health Assembly resolved to interrupt wild poliovirus (WPV) transmission worldwide. By 2006, the annual number of WPV cases had decreased by more than 99%, and only four remaining countries had never interrupted WPV transmission: Afghanistan, India, Nigeria, and Pakistan.[1] The last confirmed WPV case in India occurred in January 2011,[2] leading the World Health Organization (WHO) South-East Asia Regional Commission for the Certification of Polio Eradication (SEA-RCC) in March 2014 to declare the 11-country South-East Asia Region (SEAR), which includes India,* to be free from circulating indigenous WPV. SEAR became the fourth region among WHO's six regions to be certified as having interrupted all indigenous WPV circulation; the Region of the Americas was declared polio-free in 1994,[3] the Western Pacific Region in 2000,[4] and the European Region in 2002.[5] Approximately 80% of the world's population now lives in countries of WHO regions that have been certified polio-free. This report summarizes steps taken to certify polio eradication in SEAR and outlines eradication activities and lessons learned in India, the largest member state in the region and the one for which eradication was the most difficult.

*Bangladesh, Bhutan, Burma, Indonesia, India, Maldives, Nepal, North Korea, Sri Lanka, Thailand, and Timor-Leste.

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