Abstract and Introduction
Developments in genomics continue to increase the number of disorders for which genetic testing is available, whether in the primary healthcare system, through direct-to-consumer testing, or as part of expanded newborn screening panels. This paper reviews a robust literature on public attitudes toward genetics and genetic testing. In general, attitudes are positive about genetic research and new genomic technologies, with majorities indicating an interest in genetic testing. However, complex beliefs comprise the public's thinking about genetics. Attitudes are driven by beliefs about the type of genetic research, the personal and clinical utility of tests, and the area of genetics in which testing is applied. Limitations of current research are noted and suggestions made for future research.
The past decade was marked by expanding knowledge about the role of genes in health and illness, and media announcements describing 'the gene for' an increasing number of disorders and traits were common. New developments in genomics continue to increase the number of disorders for which genetic testing is available, whether through the primary healthcare system, direct-to-consumer (DTC) testing on the internet,[1,2] or as part of expanded newborn screening panels. Not surprisingly, there is growing interest on the part of policy makers and scholars alike in public attitudes toward these continued developments.
Personalized Medicine. 2014;11(5):509-522. © 2014 Future Medicine Ltd.