Interview With Donald E Ingber

Donald E Ingber


Nanomedicine. 2014;9(7):949-954. 

In This Article

Q Your Academic Career Started With a Degree in Biophysics and Biochemistry. How Did You Transition From This Background Into Cell Biology and Bioengineering?

I earned both a bachelor's degree and a master's degree in molecular biophysics and biochemistry as a student at Yale University (CT, USA), which actually enabled me to take a broad range of courses in the humanities, art and literature, as well as the sciences. I also studied biology quite extensively, including developmental biology, cancer biology and molecular genetics. But I was studying in the mid 1970s, just before the cloning revolution hit, which meant it was largely classic bacterial genetics. As an undergraduate, I worked with Paul Howard-Flanders on DNA repair at Yale University, and then I won a fellowship to go to London to do research at the Royal Cancer Hospital in Sutton (UK), where I worked with Ken Harrap, who was working on cancer therapeutics at the time. I worked on the effects of steroid analogs on protein phosphorylation in the nucleus, but we were largely taking a cell biology approach, isolating and fractionating cells to look for mechanisms of actions.