Hepatitis C Virus Therapy in the Direct Acting Antiviral Era

Mitchell L. Shiffman


Curr Opin Gastroenterol. 2014;30(3):217-222. 

In This Article

Mixing and Matching Antiviral Agents

Both simeprevir and sofosbuvir are currently approved and available for treatment of chronic HCV. The combination of simeprevir and sofosbuvir with or without RBV for either 12 or 24 weeks was evaluated in about 160 patients with HCV genotype 1. Many of these patients had prior nonresponse to PEGINF and RBV and about half had advanced fibrosis or cirrhosis.[25] Over 93% of all patients achieved SVR. Treating for 24 weeks or using RBV was no more effective than 12 weeks of treatment with just simeprevir and sofosbuvir alone, without RBV. The SVR rate in patients with genotype 1B or genotype 1A without the Q80K mutation was 100%. Patients with genotype 1A and the Q80K mutation had an SVR rate of about 90%. Although the regulatory authorities did not specifically approve the combination of simeprevir and sofosbuvir for the treatment of patients with HCV, the approval by the US Food and Drug Administration states that simeprevir and sofosbuvir are 'indicated for the treatment of chronic HCV infection as part of a combination antiviral regimen'. This opens the door for the use of these agents along to treat patients with HCV genotype 1 and provides a cheaper, shorter and probably superior SVR than 24 weeks of sofosbuvir and RBV.