Orofacial Pain

A Guide for the Headache Physician

Martina K. Shephard, BDent(Hons), MBBS(Hons), FRACDS; E. Anne MacGregor, MD, FFSRH; Joanna M. Zakrzewska, MD, FDSRCS, FFPMRCA


Headache. 2014;54(1):22-39. 

In This Article


Orofacial pain in its fullest definition affects up to a quarter of the population, and the associated morbidity, social impact, and health costs can be high if these conditions are not accurately diagnosed and managed in a timely fashion. Recognition of the significant contribution and high prevalence of psychological distress and comorbidity is essential for successful management. Multidisciplinary approaches and a biopsychosocial model of pain management are an essential adjunct to established evidence-based medical and surgical management of these conditions.