Orofacial Pain

A Guide for the Headache Physician

Martina K. Shephard, BDent(Hons), MBBS(Hons), FRACDS; E. Anne MacGregor, MD, FFSRH; Joanna M. Zakrzewska, MD, FDSRCS, FFPMRCA


Headache. 2014;54(1):22-39. 

In This Article


This is a narrative, clinically orientated review of orofacial pain conditions encountered in a specialist orofacial pain clinic, with references to relevant literature. Quotations from patients are included to illustrate relevant points as these also form part of the evidence base.[12] The types of orofacial pain have been divided into sections as shown in Figure 1. Information regarding dental causes of orofacial pain is included as this area is often unfamiliar to medical practitioners. Evidence-based management options, as far as possible, for the specific diagnoses are summarized and presented in a tabulated form ( Table ). In the second half of the paper, we discuss holistic management approaches to orofacial pain.

Figure 1.

Classification of orofacial pain.