Anne Peters: The Year in Diabetes

Anne L. Peters, MD; Mark Harmel, MPH


December 10, 2013

In This Article

Mediterranean Diet Reduces Heart Disease by 30%

Even without losing weight, patients who follow a Mediterranean diet rich in olive oil, nuts, beans, fish, fruits and vegetables can reduce their risk for heart attacks, strokes, or deaths from heart disease by 30%.

A large and rigorous study[2] compared the Mediterranean diet with a low-fat diet in a high-risk population, in which one half of the patients had type 2 diabetes. The study results startled expertsso much that it was ended early after nearly 5 years.[3] Participants also seemed to enjoy the diet (perhaps because they could drink wine with meals), and adherence with the diet was higher than that with the low-fat diet.

The same study group[4] found that the Mediterranean diet reduces the incidence of diabetes by 52% -- even without significant change in weight or physical activity. The question is now whether the results can be translated to a US population.

To learn more, you can find tips on following a Mediterranean meal plan at the American Diabetes Association (ADA) or Oldways Websites.


Comments on Medscape are moderated and should be professional in tone and on topic. You must declare any conflicts of interest related to your comments and responses. Please see our Commenting Guide for further information. We reserve the right to remove posts at our sole discretion.
Post as: