Introducing New Vaccines in Developing Countries

Sonali Kochhar; Barbara Rath; Lea D Seeber; Gabriella Rundblad; Ali Khamesipour; Mohammad Ali


Expert Rev Vaccines. 2013;12(12):1465-1478. 

In This Article


Technical assistants and local vaccine administrators have to be educated about new modes of vaccine administration, if applicable (oral, parenteral, others). Communication regarding the new vaccine should be prepared in close collaboration with field workers and community leaders.[11] Structured interviews and case scenarios may be used to support the construction of communication material. It may also be necessary to determine the existence of specific cultural and linguistic obstacles that could impact effective communication and vaccine uptake. Potential rumors and fears surrounding the new vaccine need to be addressed adequately, as does the safety of the vaccine workers and associate personnel.[20]

Safe injection practices need to be taught along with simple techniques to prevent needle-stick injuries.[21,22] The training can be conducted in the format of a summer school addressing doctors, nurses and midwives, as shown to be successful in the Vaccine Safety, Attitudes, Training and Communication EU project[23] or in the format of the mid-level management training course conducted by WHO-AFRO in the African region.[24] In the future, E-learning tools will play a major role (where available), such as the materials for vaccine safety training, recently developed by the WHO in collaboration with the US centers for disease control and prevention.[103]