Abstract and Introduction
Background and Study Aims: Capsule endoscopy is the first-line diagnostic technique for the small bowel. However, the inability to visualize the duodenal papilla is an inherent limitation of this method. In the present study, we evaluated feasibility of a newly developed CapsoCam SV1 capsule.
Patients and Methods: This is a prospective dual center study of a newly developed video capsule CapsoCam SV1 from Capsovision, CA, providing panoramic 360° imaging. A high frequency of 20 frames occurs per second for the first 2 h and thereafter 12 frames/s, with a battery life of 15 h. We evaluated feasibility and completeness of small bowel examination together with secondary endpoints of duodenal papilla detection in 33 patients. Patients swallowed the capsules following colonoscopy or were prepared with 2 L of polyethylene glycol solution prior to the examination. All patients swallowed 20 mg of metoclopramide and 160 mg of simethicone 30 min before ingestion of the capsule.
Results: Thirty-one of the 33 patients' data could be evaluated. Small bowel examination was complete in all procedures. Mean time to pass the small bowel was 258 ± 136 min. Average small bowel cleanliness was 3.3 ± 0.5. In 71% of the patients, we identified the duodenal papilla. No adverse reaction in relation to the capsule examination was observed.
Conclusions: CapsoCam SV1 is a safe and efficient tool in small bowel examination. The duodenal papilla as the only landmark in small bowel is detected in more than 70% of the patients.
Capsule endoscopy has evolved to become a first-line, noninvasive diagnostic technique for the small bowel. Additionally, capsule endoscopy is an optimal diagnostic tool in the evaluation of obscure gastrointestinal bleeding. Capsule endoscopy is routinely recommended for surveillance of small-intestinal polyposis.[3,4] Adenomas of the periampullar region within the duodenum are increasingly recognized, particularly in patients with familial adenomatous polyposis. Small bowel neoplasms were also detected in patients with Lynch syndrome. According to a recent retrospective analysis from Japan, a dilated papilla may have diagnostic significance in intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasm of the pancreas. However, the inability to visualize the duodenal papilla is an inherent limitation of capsule endoscopy. The small bowel has a narrow lumen; therefore, endoscopes with side view are preferred for visualization of the duodenal papilla.
J Gastroenterol Hepatol. 2013;28(9):1496-1501. © 2013 Blackwell Publishing