Impact of Scabies in Resource-poor Communities

Jorg Heukelbach; Humphrey D. Mazigo; Uade S. Ugbomoiko

Disclosures

Curr Opin Infect Dis. 2013;26(2):127-132. 

In This Article

Abstract and Introduction

Abstract

Purpose of review Features of endemic scabies are specific in resource-poor and underprivileged communities, with implications for control measures on the community level. In this review, these special aspects are addressed.

Recent findings Scabies is endemic in many resource-poor communities, with a prevalence of 20% and higher. Transmission is influenced by social attitudes, migration, access to healthcare services, housing conditions, hygiene conditions, and crowding. Endemic scabies occurs with severe infestations, complications, and sequels, mainly in children. Sleep loss as a result of scabies-related itching is common. Complications include secondary infections by group A streptococci and acute poststreptococcal glomerulonephritis. Shame, restriction of leisure activities, and stigmatization are common. Treatment of scabies includes a variety of topical compounds, but control on the community level is not an easy task. As ivermectin kills a variety of other parasites, this oral drug is increasingly used for mass treatment. Intervention should address socioemotional aspects using an integrated approach with professionals from different areas, and the community.

Summary Scabies is a neglected disease and needs to be perceived as an important public health problem causing morbidity in many resource-poor communities. Future work on epidemiology, clinical aspects, transmission dynamics, socioeconomic aspects, and sustainable control in resource-poor communities is needed.

Introduction

Scabies is a public health problem in underprivileged communities throughout the world, not only in low and middle, but also in underprivileged communities in high-income countries, such as Australia.[1,3,4,5,6] Epidemiological characteristics, clinical features, and transmission dynamics of endemic scabies in resource-poor and underprivileged communities are different from high-income settings, where mostly outbreaks are observed.[2,4,7,9] Morbidity in poor communities is usually more severe and may include group A streptococcal pyoderma, and consequently poststreptococcal glomerulonephritis.[4,5,10] The particular features have also important implications for control measures on the community level. In this review, specific aspects of scabies in underprivileged communities are discussed.

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