Music in Managing Pain

Laurie Scudder, DNP, NP


June 13, 2013

In This Article

Study Findings

Although 400 patients were referred by the palliative care team, only 200 agreed to participate and were randomly assigned to the intervention or control group. NRS scores for both the music therapy and control groups showed significant declines from pre-test to post-test, although the reduction was significantly greater in the intervention group (P < .0001). FLACC scores also declined significantly in both groups and, in contrast to NRS scores, did not differ significantly between the 2 groups. FPS scores declined significantly only in the intervention group.

The researchers conducted further analyses to determine whether baseline patient characteristics, such as age, sex, diagnosis, and severity and duration of pain, were related to the efficacy of the intervention. NRS and FPS scores did not vary in different patients, although the FLACC scores indicated that the effect of the intervention was greater in patients younger than 55 years. The researchers urged caution in interpreting that result because correction for multiple testing was not conducted.


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