An Update on the Evaluation and Management of Small Pulmonary Nodules

Alexandre M Furman; Jihane Zaza Dit Yafawi; Ayman O Soubani


Future Oncol. 2013;9(6):855-865. 

In This Article

Conclusion & Future Perspective

Further development of new technologies and improvement of currently available methods of less and noninvasive methods of diagnosis are the key components of the never-ending process of refinement of our ability to accurately determine the etiology of lung nodules.

Future research is required to study the role of biological and biochemical markers in the diagnosis of small lung nodules, as well as to determine potential new therapeutic strategies for malignant lung nodules, such as therapies targeting signal pathways, angiogenesis, immunotherapy and cryotherapy.