Vitamin K Deficiency Bleeding

Overview and Considerations

Caroline W. Burke, MSN, RN, CPNP


J Pediatr Health Care. 2013;27(3):215-221. 

In This Article


The patient was born at 41 weeks' gestational age to a gravida 2 para 1 32-year-old mother who delivered at home via spontaneous vaginal delivery (water birth) with a midwife. The infant was seen by his PCP at 2 days of life and again at 2 weeks of life, and no concerns were identified. According to his mother, results of his newborn screening were normal. The parents refused erythromycin ointment, vitamin K prophylaxis, and the hepatitis B vaccine at birth. The infant was circumcised at day 8 of life without prolonged bleeding or complications. He took no medications or supplements and had no known food, drug, or environmental allergies.