COMMENTARY

Surgical 'Never-Events' Are Shockingly Common; and More

Wayne J. Guglielmo, MA

Disclosures

April 17, 2013

Surgeons Make Big Mistakes Nearly 80 Times a Week

As every doctor knows, "never-events" are the kind of medical mistakes that should simply not occur. Despite this, and despite hospital and physician risk-management efforts to prevent them, such events occur more often than people believe, according to a recent study by patient safety researchers at John Hopkins University School of Medicine in Baltimore, Maryland.[1] The full study appears in the April issue of the journal Surgery.

The study estimated that "a surgeon in the United States leaves a foreign object such as a sponge or towel inside a patient's body after an operation 39 times a week, performs the wrong procedure on a patient 20 times a week, and operates on the wrong body site 20 times a week."

To identify malpractice judgments and out-of-court settlements, researchers used data from the National Practitioner Data Bank, a federal repository of medical malpractice claims. On the basis of such data, the researchers estimate that 4044 never-events occur in the United States each year.

Surgeons between the ages of 40 and 49 years were responsible for more than one third of the events, whereas surgeons older than 60 years were responsible for 14.4%. Approximately 6 in 10 of the surgeons involved in a never-event were named in more than 1 separate malpractice report, and more than 1 in 10 were involved in at least 1 separate surgical never-event.

Medical centers have put safeguards in place to prevent such mistakes. Among other things, they have instituted mandatory "time-outs" in the operating room, during which the team is supposed to match the surgical plans with the patient on the table; they have required that surgical sites be designated with indelible ink; and they have insisted that surgical team members count such items as sponges and towels before and after surgery.

But critics think more needs to be done, including public reporting of never-events. Such reporting would not only help consumers make informed choices; it would "put hospitals under the gun to make things safer," says Marty Makary, an associate professor of surgery at Johns Hopkins and one of the study's authors.

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