A Review of Bone Growth Stimulation for Fracture Treatment

Steve B. Behrens; Matthew E. Deren; Keith O. Monchik


Curr Orthop Pract. 2013;24(1):84-91. 

In This Article


For treatment of delayed unions and nonunions, DC, PEMF, and LIPUS bone stimulators have a Grade C recommendation, while CC technology has a Grade B recommenation. With regard to fresh fractures, LIPUS has a Grade B recommendation. Insufficient evidence exists for recommendation on CMF for fracture treatment. Insufficient evidence exists to recommend one stimulator over another. Further studies on the efficacy and cost-effectiveness of bone stimulators are warranted to better define the clinical implementation of these devices.