Advances in the Surgical Correction of Presbyopia

George O. Waring IV, MD; Duncan E. Berry, BA


Int Ophthalmol Clin. 2013;53(1):129-152. 

In This Article


Presbyopia is a ubiquitous visual disability of the aging eye, affecting an estimated 1.04 billion people globally.[1] Given the prevalence, an increasing emphasis has been placed on the development of novel treatments for the surgical correction of presbyopia. In fact, more than half a dozen modalities are available, or in development, for the refractive surgeon to choose from depending on the patient's needs. Worldwide, corneal inlays, presbyopia-correcting intraocular lenses (PC-IOLs), conductive keratoplasty, presbyLASIK, intrastromal correction with the use of femtosecond technology (INTRACOR), and scleral modifications are available for this emerging subspecialty. The purpose of this review is to provide an overview of the surgical procedures and related devices currently in use or in development for the treatment of presbyopia.