Whooping cough, due to Bordetella pertussis and Bordetella parapertussis, is an important cause of childhood morbidity and mortality. Despite widespread pertussis immunization in childhood, there are an estimated 50 million cases and 300,000 deaths due to pertussis globally each year. Infants who are too young to be vaccinated, children who are partially vaccinated and fully-vaccinated persons with waning immunity are especially vulnerable to disease. Since pertussis is one of the vaccine-preventable diseases on the rise, additional vaccine approaches are needed. These approaches include vaccination of newborns, additional booster doses for older adolescents and adults, and immunization of pregnant women with existing vaccines. Innovative new vaccines are also being studied. Each of these options will be discussed and their potential impact on pertussis control assessed.
Expert Rev Vaccines. 2012;11(11):1331-1346. © 2012 Expert Reviews Ltd.