An Update on Statin Alternatives and Adjuncts

Matthew J Sorrentino


Clin Lipidology. 2012;7(6):721-730. 

In This Article

Mediterranean Diet

The Mediterranean diet contains an abundance of fruits and vegetables, potentially helpful fats such as olive oil and fish oils, rare red meat and wine in low or moderate amounts. Individuals on a Mediterranean diet may lose more weight compared with other dietary approaches and have lower total cholesterol and triglyceride levels, and higher HDL levels.[38] In addition, multiple studies using a Mediterranean diet suggest that there may be a cardioprotective effect of these diets. The Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension and Therapeutic Lifestyle diets recommended by the NCEP are similar to a Mediterranean diet since both diets emphasize a high intake of fruits, vegetables and fiber, with a reduction in saturated fats (Table 1). These types of diets are recommended for anyone with cardiovascular disease or risk factors.