Using Music Interventions in Perioperative Care

Lori Gooding, PhD, MT-BC; Shane Swezey, BM, MT-BC; Joseph B. Zwischenberger, MD


South Med J. 2012;105(9):486-490. 

In This Article


Based on the research literature, it appears that music medicine– and music therapy–based interventions have the potential to positively affect patient anxiety and pain during the preoperative, intraoperative, and postoperative periods of surgical treatment. Given that studies show reduced anxiety, reduced pain perception, and decreased sedative intake as a result of music-based interventions, it is no surprise that music interventions are incorporated increasingly into multimodal intervention strategies. Music can be a safe, cost-effective way to address patient needs and perhaps improve patient satisfaction, both of which are increasingly important in our present healthcare system. More rigorous research is needed to better define the role that music-based interventions can play in perioperative treatment.