Renal Cell Carcinoma

A Reappraisal

Chintan Patel, MD; Asma Ahmed, CUNP; Pamela Ellsworth, MD


Urol Nurs. 2012;32(4):182-190. 

In This Article


RCC occurs in sporadic (nonhereditary) and hereditary forms. Even though hereditary RCCs only consist of 3% to 5% of all RCCs, more syndromes are now being described. These syndromes have proven to be valuable in the development of targeted therapies for the treatment of all types of RCC (Zbar et al., 2007). RCC has been associated with hereditary and non-hereditary risk factors. These risk factors are described in Table 1.


Comments on Medscape are moderated and should be professional in tone and on topic. You must declare any conflicts of interest related to your comments and responses. Please see our Commenting Guide for further information. We reserve the right to remove posts at our sole discretion.