Materials and Methods
For identifying articles that focused on men who were at risk for or who had prostate carcinoma, the terms 'prostate cancer', 'prostatic carcinoma', 'prostatic neoplasms' or 'PSA' were used. For identifying articles that focused on specific terms, words such as 'anxiety', 'anxiety disorder', 'depression', 'health-related quality of life (HRQOL)', 'couples', 'erectile dysfunction (ED)', 'incontinence', 'psychosocial issues' and other terms were used. These two search strategy results were combined with an 'and' statement in the following data bases with the time frame being specified from 1999 through 2011. The databases used were Medline, PubMed and the Cochrane Database on Systematic Reviews. In total, 189 articles were identified that included reviews, mini reviews and randomized controlled trials in populations with or at risk for prostate carcinoma. The randomized controlled trials reviewed were centered on those addressing psychological symptoms in prostate cancer.
We included trials and quantitative studies with sample sizes of more than 30 participants and that reported either mean scores or percentages with appropriate statistical analysis. All authors reviewed all of the articles and the most relevant ones were chosen for this review. The papers reviewed in this article include articles, trials and research papers on prostate carcinoma. This is supplemented with the personal clinical experience of all the authors in this field who work regularly with this group of patients and have further insight into the problems faced by them. All the authors are psychiatrists working in a tertiary hospital and medical college where there is a consultation–liaison relationship between the urology and psychiatry departments on a regular basis.
Prostate Cancer Prostatic Dis. 2012;15(2):120-127. © 2012 Nature Publishing Group