Melanoma Review: Background and Treatment

Eva Berrios-Colon, PharmD, MPH, BCPS; Shalonda Williams, PharmD


US Pharmacist 

In This Article


Melanoma has become a worldwide public health concern, and awareness is the key factor in early detection and prevention of the disease. ACS recommendations for prevention include limiting direct sun exposure between the hours of 10 am and 4 pm, when UV rays are the most intense; wearing protective clothes that cover the arms, legs, and torso, sunglasses that protect the eyes, and a broad-brimmed hat that shields the face; avoiding tanning beds and sunlamps; and using sunscreen and lip balm on sun-exposed areas.[7–9]

The American Academy of Dermatology recommends using sunscreen with a sun protection factor of 30 or more. Sunscreen products labeled as broad spectrum shield against both UVA and UVB rays and are a good source of protection. One ounce (about a palmful) of sunscreen should be applied to the arms, legs, neck, and face every 2 hours, or sooner after sweating or swimming. Sunscreen should also be applied on cloudy days because UV rays are still present.[3,7–9]


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