Commonly used anesthetic and analgesic agents can have predictable effects on the LUT system. A condensed summary of the effect of anesthetics and analgesics on the LUT has been provided in Table 1. Opioids, NSAIDS, and anesthetics all tend to result in increased risk of urinary retention, with intrathecal delivery resulting in the highest rates of POUR. Ketamine, an anesthetic of abuse, is associated with severe and irreversible LUT damage.
Urologic Nursing Editorial Board Statements of Disclosure
In accordance with ANCC-COA governing rules Urologic Nursing Editorial Board statements of disclosure are published with each CNE offering. The statements of disclosure for this offering are published below.
Susanne A. Quallich, ANP-BC, NP-C, CUNP, disclosed that she is on the Consultants' Bureau for Coloplast.
All other Urologic Nursing Editorial Board members reported no actual or potential conflict of interest in relation to this continuing nursing education activity.
Urol Nurs. 2012;32(2):60-67. © 2012 Society of Urologic Nurses and Associates