American Geriatrics Society Updated Beers Criteria for Potentially Inappropriate Medication Use in Older Adults

American Geriatrics Society 2012 Beers Criteria Update Expert Panel


J Am Geriatr Soc. 2012;60(4):616-631. 

In This Article


The specific aim is to:

Update the previous Beers Criteria using a comprehensive, systematic review and grading of the evidence on drug-related problems and ADEs in older adults.

The strategies to achieve this aim are to:

  1. Incorporate new evidence on currently listed PIMs and evidence from new medications or conditions not addressed in the previous (2003) update.

  2. Grade the strength and quality of each PIM statement based on level of evidence and strength of recommended grading.

  3. Convene an interdisciplinary panel of 11 experts in geriatric care and pharmacotherapy who will apply a modified Delphi method to the systematic review and grading to reach consensus on the updated 2012 AGS Beers Criteria.

  4. Incorporate needed exceptions into the criteria as deemed clinically appropriate by the panel. These evidence-based exceptions will be designed to make the criteria more individualized to clinical care and more relevant across settings of care.


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