With new graduates matriculating from schools of pharmacy in the USA, the pharmacogenetics knowledge is changing. The accrediting body for schools of pharmacy, the American Council on Pharmaceutical Education, encourages systematic integration of pharmacogenetics into the education of doctor of pharmacy students alongside other specific drug information. From 2005 to 2010, the schools of pharmacy surveyed improved in the education of pharmacogenetics provided to doctor of pharmacy students (from 39% in 2005 to 89% in 2010).[13,14] The level of didactic, and hopefully experiential education that incorporates principles of pharmacogenetics is likely to grow exponentially. There is a need for all pharmacists to feel comfortable interpreting medication related information that considers pharmacogenetic testing and be adept at relaying that information at the point of patient care.
The authors wish to acknowledge individuals who were instrumental in developing the measure used in this study: JP Evans, D Jonas, K Manickam and K Weck.
Financial & competing interests disclosure
The authors wish to acknowledge support from the UNC Center for Genomics and Society (funded by the Ethical, Legal and Social Implications Research Program, National Human Genome Research Institute: P50HG004488). The authors have no other relevant affiliations or financial involvement with any organization or entity with a financial interest in or financial conflict with the subject matter or materials discussed in the manuscript apart from those disclosed.
No writing assistance was utilized in the production of this manuscript.
Ethical conduct of research
The authors state that they have obtained appropriate institutional review board approval or have followed the principles outlined in the Declaration of Helsinki for all human or animal experimental investigations. In addition, for investigations involving human subjects, informed consent has been obtained from the participants involved.
Personalized Medicine. 2012;9(1):19-27. © 2012 Future Medicine Ltd.