Advanced Practice Nurse Outcomes 1990–2008

A Systematic Review

Robin P. Newhouse, PhD, RN, NEA-BC; Julie Stanik-Hutt, PhD, ACNP, CCNS, FAAN; Kathleen M. White, PhD, RN, NEA-BC, FAAN; Meg Johantgen, PhD, RN; Eric B. Bass, MD, MPH; George Zangaro, PhD, RN; Renee F. Wilson, MS; Lily Fountain, MS, CNM, RN; Donald M. Steinwachs, PhD; Lou Heindel, DNP, CRNA; Jonathan P. Weiner, PhD


Nurs Econ. 2011;29(5):230-250. 

In This Article


Across the four APRN groups, 107 studies met inclusion criteria (NP, 49; CNS, 22; CNM, 23; CRNA, 4; and CNS and NP combined, 9). Based on the decision to focus on outcomes with at least three supporting studies, 69 studies (20 RCTs and 49 observational studies) were included in outcome aggregation. The summary of studies and overall strength of evidence grades are included for NPs in Table 4a, CNMs in Table 4b, and CNSs in Table 4c. A summary of the aggregated outcomes are included for NPs in Table 5a, CNMs in Table 5b, and CNSs in Table 5c.


Comments on Medscape are moderated and should be professional in tone and on topic. You must declare any conflicts of interest related to your comments and responses. Please see our Commenting Guide for further information. We reserve the right to remove posts at our sole discretion.
Post as: