Abstract and Introduction
Purpose of Review To summarize the most important recent scientific developments in the field of clinical pediatric sleep medicine, specifically as relates to sleep disorders and sleep in special pediatric populations.
Recent Findings The major themes covered in this review include sleep-disordered breathing; narcolepsy; restless legs syndrome/periodic limb movement disorder; insomnia; sleep in children with medical conditions; and sleep in children with neurodevelopmental and psychiatric disorders.
Summary An expanded understanding of the pathophysiology, epidemiology, clinical evaluation methods, sequelae, and empirically supported treatment options of common pediatric sleep disorders, especially in high-risk populations, is key to a rational approach to diagnosis and management of these children in clinical settings.
The review is based on a Medline search with the following terms: pediatric, infant, child, sleep, insomnia, sleep disorders, and includes articles referencing ages 0–18 years in English published between April 2010 and April 2011. Of the 243 identified articles, 156 were published in medical or pediatric journals, 62 in sleep-related journals, and 25 in psychiatry/psychology journals. There were also two pediatric sleep special issues published within this time frame; one on adolescent sleep[1•] and the other on advances in pediatric sleep medicine.[2•] Thirty-eight articles relevant to the specific topics covered in this review will be discussed in detail below.
Curr Opin Pulm Med. 2011;17(6):425-430. © 2011 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins