Foot Care from A to Z

Thomas P. Lyman, BS; Tracey C. Vlahovic, DPM, FAPWCA


Dermatology Nursing 

In This Article


Orthotics can treat several conditions. The term orthotics has been used loosely to include just about any therapeutic device inserted into a shoe. Some general types are accommodative, custom molded orthotic (CMO), and arch supports. Accommodative insoles are meant for patients with diabetes or those with arthritic conditions. They are soft and can be molded using heat to the contours of the foot. CMO refers to an insert that is created using a plaster cast or scanner to match the exact shape of the plantar aspect of the foot (Buonomo, Klein, & Keiper, 2001). These are for patients who need a firmer and more supportive device to assist the foot in the gait cycle. The arch support group consists mostly of over-the-counter products. They are useful for most patients with mild heel pain or foot discomfort. Many patients find relief with a basic arch support.