A Look at Mayan Artificial Cranial Deformation Practices: Morphological and Cultural Aspects

Samuel Romero-Vargas, M.D.; José Luis Ruiz-Sandoval, M.D.; Arturo Sotomayor-González, M.D.; Rogelio Revuelta-Gutiérrez, M.D.; Miguel Angel Celis-López, M.D.; Juan Luis Gómez-Amador, M.D.; Ulises García-González, M.D.; Raul López-Serna, M.D.; Victor García-Navarro, M.D.; Diego Mendez-Rosito, M.D.; Victor Correa-Correa, M.D.; Sergio Gómez-Llata, M.D.


Neurosurg Focus. 2010;29(6):e2 

In This Article


With this paper, we are only providing a glance at the Mayan culture and are trying to present this valuable information to the neurosurgical community. Artificial cranial deformation constitutes a biocultural process. Our investigation describes the main deforming techniques and the resulting morphological expressions. This article demonstrates the heterogeneity of this interesting cultural phenomenon, which has changed through time. In the past century, interest in this ancient custom has surged, and neurosurgeons should not be excluded from this fascinating discussion.