Evaluation of Acute Hepatitis C Infection Surveillance — United States, 2008

RM Klevens, DDS; RA Tohme, MD


Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report. 2010;59(43):1407-1410. 

In This Article

Reporting of Acute Hepatitis C Cases through EIP Sites

EIP hepatitis surveillance§ collects more extensive information compared with NETSS. In addition to demographics, the EIP form includes clinical data (e.g., date of diagnosis, symptoms, jaundice, hospitalization, pregnancy, death from hepatitis, liver function tests, hepatitis laboratory test results, and reason for testing) and risk factor exposures occurring 2 weeks to 6 months before illness onset (i.e., contact with a person with hepatitis and the type of contact, number of male and female sex partners, previous history of treatment for sexually transmitted diseases, use of illicit drugs [both injection and noninjection], hemodialysis, injury with sharp object contaminated with blood, blood/blood products transfusion with dates of transfusion, receipt of intravenous infusions and/or injections in outpatient settings, exposure to blood, medical/dental/public safety worker employment with frequency of exposure to blood, presence of tattoo/piercing and location where they were performed, dental work/surgery, hospitalization, residence in a long-term–care facility, and incarceration). In 2008, six EIP sites (Connecticut, Colorado, Minnesota, Oregon, 34 counties in New York State, and New York City) were funded by CDC to conduct enhanced acute hepatitis C surveillance. The catchment area of these sites comprises approximately 28 million persons. Site staff members investigate physician and laboratory reports submitted to health departments and directly contact the health-care providers to complete the demographic, clinical, and risk factor information listed in the EIP case reporting form; reports that fulfill the acute HCV infection case definition are sent monthly to CDC.

§ Additional information available at http://www.cdc.gov/ncpdcid/deiss/eip/index.html.


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