Unipolar Depression During Pregnancy: Nonpharmacologic Treatment Options

Christopher Tjoa; Emmanuelle Pare; Deborah R Kim


Women's Health. 2010;6(4):565-576. 

In This Article


Major depressive disorder (MDD) is a common psychiatric disorder characterized by episodic decreases in mood and anhedonia capable of causing vegetative symptoms such as fatigue, insomnia and decreased appetite.[3] MDD ranges in severity from mild depression – consisting of minor impairment in occupational/social functioning – to severe, characterized by the high likelihood of suicidal ideation, possible psychotic symptoms (including delusions and hallucinations) and a marked impairment of occupational, social and relationship functioning. MDD disproportionately affects women, and a WHO cross-cultural primary care study found an average sex ratio of 2:1 for current and lifetime depressive episodes.[4]


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